Monday, January 31, 2011

Refusing Obedience to Governments, Revolting against them is From Actions & Calls of the Hypocrites

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
Amma ba'd

Refusing Obedience to Governments and Revolting against them is From Actions & Calls of the Hypocrites

A questioner asked: What is the Islamic perspective of those who refuse to obey governments, and challenge them with insurgencies and revolts?

Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aali-Shaykh (the current Grand Muftee of Sa'udi Arabia, hafidhahullaah) answered:

We seek refuge with Allaah from such evil circumstances. These are the hypocrites. They are astray and in their hearts is a disease. They envy Islaam and its people. Whoever calls to opposing and rebelling against the leader, whoever calls to insurgence against the authorities, and whoever calls to chaos, then there's hypocrisy in his heart and a disease... These are politically sectarian people causing nothing but corruption. Allaah says:

And when it is said to them, 'Do not cause corruption on earth,' they say, 'We are only trying to rectify and better the situation.' For sure, they are the corruptors but they don't realize it.' [Soorah Al-Baqarah: ayat 11-12]

Anyone who invites another person to oppose and rebel against the obedience of those in leadership and not to listen to them, then assume the worst of such a person in that he's a hypocrite and a wicked sinner. He has no allegiance, no religion, and no loyalty. This is so because - and we seek refuge with Allaah - these types of incitements promote chaos, bloodshed, the plundering of property, and the violation of people's rights...

So, alliance, cooperation, mutual support, and the unity of hearts and goals, and of the ranks of the people - this is what's obligated upon us and required from every individual among us. The Prophet said:

Whoever meets Allaah (meaning whoever dies) with no allegiance of obedience upon him, then he dies a death in a state of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic state of ignorance). [Muslim (no. 4770)]

Whoever has within his heart envy and enmity towards the country and belittles obedience and social order, he lives a wretched life and dies the death of Jaahiliyyah.

Shaikh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah) said:

We advise everyone to listen to and obey them as we've previously and always said. We warn against rebelling and revolting against any of the leaders in authority; these are some of the greatest sins. Rather, they are from the religion of the Khawaarij. This is the religion of the Khawaarij and Mu'tazilah; they reject the command to listen to and obey the leaders if they see them commit a sin, eventually opposing and rising up against them. This is wrong and contradictory to what the Prophet (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) commanded.

He (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) ordered that one must listen to and obey the leaders in the good they command. He (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said:

Whoever sees from his leader something of disobedience to Allaah, then he should dislike [in his heart] what he does of sinning against Allaah, but he must not remove even a hand-span away from obedience (to him). [Muslim (no. 1855)]

So, it's not permissible for an individual to revolt against or leave the allegiance and obedience to his legitimate leader (government, president, king, etc). Neither is it permissible to promote such concepts because these acts are some of the greatest evils and from the foremost means leading to tribulations and enmity among people. As for the one who calls to that, such is the religion of the Khawaarij.

Source: From the casette: Ahdaaf Al-Hamalaat Al-'Ilaamiyyah Dhid Wulaah wa 'Ulamaa Bilaad Al-Haramayn via Authentic Translations

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